Re: Normalization and Control

I am not sure what Rose&Miller mean by 'regulated freedon' as opposed to
the population being subjected to the power of the ruling body. This
strikes me as semanitcs and of no real value.

Freedom is limited through the methods of control imposed by the
state; indeed, it can be said that a primary function of the state is
control of the masses.

Control is primarily exercised through discipline and punishment, both of
which have altered considerably over time and circumstances. Power cannot
really be described in the subjective senses of 'good' or 'bad', power is
used to exercise control and its relative goodness and badness lies
entirely within the opinions of those exercising and being subjected to
control - for the guy at the bottom, power is always bad.

What happened in the early industrial revolution was that the exercise of
power became less direct because the role of the monarch was lessened
and there was a sense of the government being there for the people instead
fof despite the people. That the laws in point did not change significantly
and that which was a breach of the law remained a breach of the law is the
relevant point here; the laws stayed the same, the method of control altered
as the structure of the economy changed. There are significant parellels with

the way our present society is changing its economy and the methods being
employed by the state policing to control us. Many of the arguments which
Foucault quoted in his analysis of the rise of early capitalism are being
used today to limit wages, populations, and employment as well as restrictions
on migration.

martin hogan

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