Foucault and Kant

Dear Antoine Goulem,

in response to your question, if the German philosophers Bernhard
Waldenfels and Rudi Visker refer to Kant in relation to Foucault's
critical remarks on phenomenology, there are rarely hints, as far as
I know.

To give you another information, if not yet known: It is Gerard
Lebrun who refers to this question. He refers to the relation of
Foucault and Kant, specially to phenomenology. His thesis: Foucault
is critical to phenomenology because he thinks that phenomenology
does not fully justice to Kant. See: "Zur Phaenomenologie in der
'Ordnung der Dinge'", in: F. Ewald / B. Waldenfels (Eds.): Michel Foucaults
Denken. Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp 1991, pp. 15-38. (I think it is the
same text as his "Notes in Phenomenology" in: Michel Foucault:
Philosopher ...)

Beside that: Foucault's Kant interpretation is influenced by
Heidegger's book "Kant und das Problem der Metaphysik", one of the
very important Heideggerian texts - beside of "The Age of World
Picture" (in: Holzwege) in France, and especially for Foucault.

To be critical against Lebrun one might say that Lebrun doesn't
mention the influence of Heidegger in this point.

I think there are many essays concerning Foucault's interpretation of
Kant in Foucault's essay "What is enlightment?" ...

If Foucault criticizes phenomenology he refers to Husserl and the
early Merleau-Ponty only. And if he criticizes Husserl, he critisizes
a Husserl, that is read through Merleau-Ponty. (Sorry for my English)

Last: Foucault estimated the neo-kantian thinker Ernst Cassirer.

I wished this can be of help for you. Sincerely, Silvia Stoller.

All comments with the help of a friend!!!



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